Borobudur International Online Course on Heritage Material Conservation
Indonesia is very rich in cultural heritage that exist in all of its region. The cultural heritage from the ancestors can reflect history, science, technology, and the development of the nation’s culture. Cultural heritage that has significances for society, both on a local, regional, national and international scale must be preserved and managed properly, so that it can contribute to advancing national culture for the prosperity of the people. Protection, development, and dynamic utilization of cultural heritage are methods used in an effort to maintain the existence of cultural heritage, both in tangible and intangible aspects. One of the aspects of cultural heritage preservation that plays an important role in preventing and overcoming damage is the conservation of cultural heritage materials.
In Indonesia, the development of cultural heritage conservation are progressed very rapidly during second restoration of Borobudur (1973 – 1983). In that period, various conservation method and techniques are bought by experts from other countries and applied in Borobudur Temple. The restoration project also become learning platform for Indonesia’s conservators, so after the restoration project completed, the conservation method and technique continue being developed until today despite the change of generation.
Currently, the development of cultural heritage conservation in Indonesia is more oriented to the application of local wisdom from ancestor which has its own characteristic based on traditional methodologies and utilizing natural products. In its application, conservation based on traditional methodologies and natural products has more advantages compared with conventional method that used synthetic chemical. This method is more suitable and better applied in Indonesia because of the availability of ingredients, reversible, and has minimal negative impact on long run.
Conservation based on traditional methodologies also becoming the direction of developing cultural heritage preservation methods in the world nowadays.
Studies on the development of method and technique for cultural heritage conservation are continuously carried out by Borobudur Conservation Agency as an agent of Directorate General of Cultural, Ministry of Education and Culture, Indonesia. Various method and new ingredients had been discovered, some of them even become standard method which has been applied widely in Indonesia. However, mainstreaming conservation method based on traditional methodologies and natural products still become the challenge in Indonesia and the world nowadays. Competency building of young generations are expected to bring paradigm shift of conservation in the future.
Based on this background, Borobudur Conservation Agency will disseminate the result of studies on the development of cultural heritage conservation method based on traditional methodologies and utilizing natural products. The dissemination is called Borobudur International Online Course on Heritage Material Conservation 2020 or Biochemco ’20. The topic for this year’s course is “Mainstreaming Traditional-Based Methodologies and Natural Products on Heritage Material Conservation”. This international scale event is expected to share and discuss among relevant conservators in cultural heritage conservation on world level, as well as improving quality of young Indonesian conservators.
The purpose of this activity is to disseminate the results of studies on the development of methods and techniques for cultural heritage conservation in Indonesia. In addition, it also aims to develop professional human resources in cultural heritage preservation. The course is designed to provide participants with broader insights into the field of cultural heritage conservation. This course also would like to escalate Indonesia’s role in conservation method development, especially in traditional methodologies and the using of natural products. This course can be tools for exchange information and knowledge between young conservators in Indonesia and other countries.